Hebrew tsiyon, "hill" -- originally the City of David, a Canaanite fortress in Jerusalem captured by David; the hill in Jerusalem where the Temple was built; Jerusalem; Israel; a symbol of the center of Jewish national life. The heavenly city. The theocracy of God. Zionism was formerly a movement for reestablishing the Jewish national state of Israel, now in support of it.
originally a stronghold captured by David (the 2nd king of the Israelites); above it was built a temple and later the name extended to the whole hill; finally it became a synonym for the city of Jerusalem; "the inhabitants of Jerusalem are personified as `the daughter of Zion'"
Originally another name for Mt. Moriah, the hill just north of David's Jerusalem which he purchased from Araunah the Jebusite as the site for the first Temple as built by Solomon. By extension, the name is used of Jerusalem, and by further extension, the Land of Israel.
(also called Mount Zion) The hill on which the city of Jerusalem first stood; David's royal palace and the temple of Yahweh were both located on Mount Zion; later Zion was used to refer to the entire city of Jerusalem; already in biblical times it began to symbolize the national homeland (see, for example, Psalm 137:1-6); in this latter sense it served as a focus for Jewish national-religious hopes of renewal over the centuries. See Chapter 10.
Zion (Hebrew: ×¦Ö´×™Ö¼×•Ö¹×Ÿ, tziyyon; Tiberian vocalization: tsiyyÃ´n; transliterated Zion or Sion) is a term that most often designates the land of Israel and its capital Jerusalem. The word is found in texts dating back almost three millennia. It originally referred to a specific mountain near Jerusalem (Mount Zion), on which stood a Jebusite fortress of the same name that was conquered by David and renamed the City of David.
In the Matrix films, Zion is the last human city on the planet Earth and existed deep underground for both concealment from its enemies as well as warmth. In this future Earth, the surface was too cold and dangerous for humans to live after a cataclysmic nuclear war between sentient Machines and Man hundreds of years before left the artificial beings with control over the surface. Zion also exists deep underground to take advantage of geothermal power (while the Machines get power by tapping the bioelectric energy of captive humans in the Matrix).