Definitions for "Babylonian captivity"
Babylonians destroyed the first temple in Jerusalem in 86 B.C.E. and exiled the Jews to Babylonia.
the deportation of the Jews to Babylonia by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC
term applied to the 70 years (1307-1377) when the popes resided in Avignon, rather than in Rome. The phrase refers to the 70 years when the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzer held the ancient Hebrew people in captivity. (p. 393)