Of or containing acryl, the hypothetical radical of which acrolein is the hydride; as, acrylic acid. The characteristic residue in an acrylic compound is the carbonyl group attached directly to an ethylenic carbon.
Synthetic polymer fiber made from natural materials, such as coal, air water, petroleum and limestone. Fibers are strong, durable and resistant to strong sunlight. They make soft, bulky, wool-like fabrics and carpets.
Often used as a generic term for plastics used in signmaking. Acrylic is a type of plastic (Plexiglas,Acrylite, are well known proprietary trade names) characterized by clarity, transparent and opaque color ranges, and paintability. It also has excellent machinability. Cast and extruded acrylics have different qualities and tolerances.
A versatile thermoplastic that emerged in the late 1950's. It is used as a heat set paint medium as in Fabric Paints and Inks. Also it is used to make soft and durable fibers used for yarns, velvets and carpeting.
A manufactured fiber in which the fiber forming substance is any long chain of synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of acroylnitrile units. The fiber is made in staple form only. Common trade names include Acrilan, Creslan, and Zefran. Acrylic fabrics are lightweight, soft and resilient. Some acrylic fabrics, particularly knits, approximate the hand of fine wool. Because of the composition and cross section of the fiber, fabrics made from acrylic have a high bulk to weight ratio. This is further enhanced with the so-called "high Bulk" spun yarns. End uses include floor coverings, blankets, and apparel such as tailored clothing, dresses and sweaters.
Paint made from pigments and a synthetic plastic binder, water-soluble when wet, insoluble when dry. Developed commercially in the 30s and 40s and perfected in the 50s through 70s, this popular alternative to oil paint can also duplicate many of watercolor's unique characteristics when used in a fluid manner. • Go to Acrylics section.
A range of rigid, lightweight plastics, used commonly in the form of sheets or rods, as well as in their liquid state for casting or coating. Acrylics may be made transparent, translucent, or opaque, and are available in a range of colors.
Any of numerous thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers or copolymers of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, esters of these acids, or acrylonitrile, used in horseshoeing to fill gaps or cracks in the hoof wall.
A resin resulting from the polymerization of derivatives of acrylic acids, including esters of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, acrylonitrile, and their copolymers. Acrylics are also used in powder coatings in their thermoplastic form.
Acrylic vinyl polymer paint that is soluble in water. This uniquely versatile plastic emulsion was frowned upon when it emerged in the late 50's but it is now generally estimated to be the most resilient MEDIUM and is widely accepted in museum circles.
Because acrylic yarn is flammable, it has mostly been used to construct small rugs (4'x6' or smaller) such as bath mats. Recently some acrylic yarns treated with a flame retardant have been used in larger rugs. Acrylic yarns can result in crisp colors and excellent sculpted designs, and they can be very reasonably priced. Olefin (synthetic) - Also known as polypropylene, this yarn is one of the most commonly used. Within olefin yarn choices, there are very large differences in the fiber. Some single-ply olefins are very cheap in both price and quality. However, there are some very well-constructed rugs with excellent stain resistance, fade resistance and other wonderful qualities. Some newer styles in olefin are cottony soft and have beautiful textures. This yarn's low cost and its possibilities make it an exciting choice, but the variety of yarn types available can lead to confusion. If the rug looks good and feels good AND it is in your price range, don't immediately dismiss it. If you like the style, texture and color, it might be exactly what you're looking for.
A material containing acryl; a synthetic glassy thermoplastic that can be molded and cast into such items as bathtubs. Our acrylic tubs are handcrafted from a mixture of high-grade sanitary acrylics, ceramic powders, polyester resins, and fiberglass.
A type of synthetic polymer that is generally very resistant to degradation (oxidation, UV, etc.), has very good to excellent flexibility and elasticity, and has inherently high adhesion qualities. (See " Vinyl")
A clear plastic material used to construct aquariums. It is half the weight of glass and its refractive index is closer to that of water than glass, making it more transparent. Acrylic is more easily scratched than glass. Also called Plexiglas.
An artificial fiber made from a special group of vinyl compounds, primarily acrylonitrile. Acrylic fibers are thermoplastic (i.e., soften when heated, reharden upon cooling), have low moisture regain, are low in density, and can be made into bulky fabrics. They wash and dry easily and are dimensionally stable. They are resistant to bleaches, dilute acids, and alkalies, and to weathering and microbiological attack. Bike - a motor vehicle with two wheels and a strong frame
PLEXIGLAS® is the registered trademark for acrylic sheeting. Optically clear, rigid material, resistant to some chemicals, not solvents. More brittle than Lexan, Acrylic is available in a variety of translucent and opaque colors, as well as clear.
Acrylic is a generic name for synthetic fibers derived from 85% polyacrylonitrile. Used for base layers or insulating fabrics. Properties include a soft, wooly hand, wash-and-wear performance, colorfastness and wrinkle resistance. Acrylic is used in socks and in blends with cotton for fleece apparel.
Thermoplastic resin-based plastic engraving substrate. Molecular structure of acrylic provides increased protection from sunlight's ultraviolet (UV) rays; material noted for outdoor durability and colorfastness. Marketed under trade names such as Plexiglas and Lucite.
A coating powder with a significant content of a polymer containing short chain esters of various acrylic monomers. Acrylic Resin A clear resin derived from polymerised esters of various acrylic monomers. Acrylics are used for automotive topcoats and in other applications where resistance to chalking with exposure to sunlight is important
Pigment suspended in a water-soluble polymer medium. (Huh? Don't worry, these terms are also included in this Glossary.) Acrylics come in a tube and can be used thick, like oil paints, or thinned and used like watercolors. (I use both approaches in my acrylic paintings.) There are also "jar" or "fluid" acrylics, with a consistency similar to latex house paint. This versatile medium can be used on virtually any surface, from canvas to paper. When dry, acrylics are waterproof and become, essentially, a plastic film. According to some art lovers, that's what's wrong with 'em. There are also acrylic varnishes, mediums, primers, etc. See also polymer; compare with "oil", "watercolor" and "craft" paint.
Any water-soluble paint made from coloring pigments and a plastic binding agent. Rubber Stamps can be used with acrylic paint as long as the paint is thin enough, and does not fill the rubber die raised surface (the stamping area).
A manufactured fiber derived from polyacrylonitrile. Its major properties include a soft, wool-like hand, machine washable and dryable, excellent color retention. Solution-dyed versions have excellent resistance to sunlight and chlorine degradation.
A manufactured or man-made fiber with low moisture absorbency and quick drying properties. It is resistant to the degrading effects of ultraviolet (UV) rays as well as a wide range of chemicals, but it has poor flame resistance compared to other fibers.
(Identified as Orion, Creslan, and Acrilan). A man-made fiber with a soft wooly feeling; fair resistance to sunlight. It has good cleanability characteristics and takes vivid color well. Acrylic is normally used to create velvet, plush looks.
Although sometimes used as a generic term to describe plastic, acrylic is a particular type of plastic characterized by its clarity and colorability. Also see Acrylic Sheet, General Plastics on our Materials Reference Chart.
A polymerized polymer coating.. This coating is formed through the combination of an exact mix ratio of monomer to polymer. Today's acrylic monomers (liquid) are made with Ethyl Methacrylate (EMA) due to its inherent flexibility. Acrylic polymers (powder) contain approximately 70% EMA, and 30% MMA (Methyl Methacrylate). This combination of chemicals create an enhancement that is both flexible and strong and mimics the natural nails flexibility and strength.
A type of plastic resin used as a pigment binder or surface coating. It is useful under most wallpaper and on most wall surfaces including existing wallpaper and vinyls. Does not protect new drywall when ever the wallpaper has to be removed.
type of water-based paint usually used for canvas painting. can be used (diluted with water) for painting on shirts but tends to bleed/fade (if too thin) or crack (if too thick) when washed. can be mixed with textile medium for better results.
A synthetic plastic material usually made from the polymerization of methyl-methacrylate monomer. It has excellent weatherability and optical characteristics and is rigid in structure. Uses tail light lenses and other outdoor applications. It is not recommended for use with aromatic hydrocarbons, esters or ketones.
A rigid thermoplastic sign material available in transparent, translucent and opaque appearances. Acrylic sheet can be clear or produced in a variety of colour tones. Acrylic that is manufactured by pouring a molten compound into a thin compartment and curing it under heat and pressure is said to be cell cast. Acrylic manufactured by casting a liquid compound between moving stainless steel plates that exert heat and pressure is sold to be continuous cast.
A manufactured fiber derived from polyacrylonitrile. Acrylic is soft, quick-drying, and resistant to shrinkage and wrinkles. The durable fiber is machine washable and dryable with excellent color retention.
Acrylic is a collective name for chemical substances which all exhibit the acrylic group (CH2=CH-COOH) - like e.g. acrylic acid of acrylates - or polymers of these substances, respectively. The name is derived from Latin, “acer” = sharp, or Greek, “ákros” = pointed, because of the acid smell associated with acrylic acid.
A material containing acryl; a synthetic glassy thermoplastic that can be molded and cast into such items as bathtubs. American Bath Factory acrylic tubs are crafted from two Â1/4â€ sheets of high-quality cast acrylic, bonded together with a patented crushed stone/resin compound to give the tubs thickness, strength, and weight.
Generic term for manufactured fiber in which the fiber- forming substance is any long â€“ chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85% by weight of acrylonitrile units. Made in both filament and staple forms.
A plastic that is used to form the tub in 95% of all spas. The acrylic is molded in the desired shape, and is backed by several layers of fiberglass reinforcing, sometimes in conjunction with additional bonding layers. Currently available in two finishes; a high gloss called "marble" and a matte finish called "granite".
A plastic material noted for its transparency, weather resistance, colour fastness and transparency. Acrylics are important in preservation because of their stability and resistance to chemical change. Acrylics are available in sheets, films and resin adhesives. Some common trade names for the sheet form are Perspex, Lucite and Plexiglas. Ultraviolet absorbing acrylic sheet is used in preference to glass for glazing framed materials because it is less likely to break and the additional ultraviolet absorbers protect the framed objects from light damage.
Often used as a generic term for plastics used in sign making, acrylic is a type of plastic characterized by clarity, both transparent and opaque color ranges, and paintability. It can also be shaped by machine easily. Cast and extruded acrylics have different qualities and tolerances. (Plexiglas® and ACRYLITE® are well-known proprietary trade names.)
A group of plastics noted for their clear optical properties and durability. Acrylics have good resistance to the effects of sunlight and exposure to the elements over a long period of time. They do not yellow significantly or undergo significant changes in their physical properties. Acrylic sheets are used extensively for glazing in picture frames. Perspex and Plexiglas are trade names of manufactured acrylic sheeting. Acrylic resins are also widely used in binders for adhesives, paints and varnishes.
A synthetic resin widely used as a latex to produce paints with good color and color retention. Acrylic latex paints may be thinned and cleaned up with water. Breeze interior and exterior latex paints in flat, eggshell and semi-gloss are all based on pure acrylic emulsions.
A synthetic fiber that's derived from a plant or chemical resin. Acrylic's best properties are its moderate strength and acceptance of brilliant color dyes. Acrylic also has a plush loft that will not flatten.
A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 85 percent by weight of acrylonitrile units, only available as a staple. A carpet spun with yarns from acrylic exhibit aesthetics similar to wool.
A synthetically produced fibre. Acrylic (polymethyl methacrylate) was developed after World War II for use in Courtelle, Dralon and other synthetic fabrics. The resultant fabric woven from acrylic fibres is very soft and warm.
A thermoplastic used on the surface of bathtubs and whirlpools. Generally comes in sheets and is formed to the shape of the mold (tubs/showers) in the factory. Generally fiberglass is added to the back for strength.
Generic name for man-made fibers derived from polyacrylonitrile. Features include a soft, woolly hand; wash and wear performance; brilliant and highshade colors; good sunlight resistance and wrinkle resistance.
Man-made fiber with wool-like appearance. Does not dye as well as nylon and is less durable. Hand-tufted acrylic rugs in accent sizes have been introduced in the U.S. during the past five years. Rugs over 20 sq. ft.
A glassy thermoplastic used in making costume jewelry that can be opaque or transparent, such as synthetic crystals, and characterized by a greater density and weight than plastic and with a smoother finish.
is a fine soft and luxurious fabric with the bulk and hand of wool. Light weight and springy, this fabric is non-allergenic, dries quickly, draws moisture away from the body and is washable. Acrylic does not take even a moderate amount of heat. Modacrylics are used in pile fabrics like fake fur and are more flame resistant.
A synthetic fiber derived from plant or chemical resin. Acrylic's desirable properties are moderate strength and its acceptance of brilliant color dyes. Acrylic also has a soft, plush loft that does not flatten.