This is a word that takes its reference from some other expression in a sentence (its antecedent). This means that it cannot be used in a sentence unless there is an antecedent for it. Anaphors include reflexives, such as 'myself', 'himself', 'ourselves', as in: I washed myself, we treated ourselves. The also include reciprocals, 'each other', 'one another', as in: They like each other.
a word or phrase which refers back to some previously expressed word or phrase or meaning (typically, pronouns such as herself, himself, he, she).