a group of words acting as an adjective and modifying a noun or pronoun
a group of words beginning with a present or past participle that modifies a noun
a phrase (a group of words lacking a subject and verb) that begins with a participle (a form of a verb not functioning as a verb or noun)
a phrase beginning with a present or past participle
A present or past participle with accompanying modifiers, objects, or complements. The buzzards, circling with sinister determination, squawked loudly.