Definitions for "CCIR 601"
Keywords:  chrominance, itu, pal, analogue, ntsc
A CCIR recommendation regarding various standardized image resolutions for coding high quality video images, primarily for broadcasting. It provides the foundation for MPEG1 and MPEG2 resolutions and coding.
International standard for digital video using 4:2:2 YUV designed to support both 525 line NTSC and 625 line PAL analogue signals. Now officially called ITU-R BT.601-2.
An international standard (renamed ITU 601) for component digital television that was derived from the SMPTE RP1 25 and EBU 3246E standards. ITU 601 defines the sampling systems, matrix values and filter characteristics for Y, Cr, Cb and RGB component digital television. It establishes a 4:2:2 sampling scheme at 13.5 MHz for the luminance channel and 6.75MHz for the chrominance channels with eight-bit digitizing for each channel. These sample frequencies were chosen because they work for both 525-line 60Hz and 625-line 50Hz component video systems. The term 4:2:2 refers to the ratio of the number of luminance channel samples to the number of chrominance channel samples; for every four luminance samples, the chrominance channels are each sampled twice. The Dl digital videotape format conforms to ITU 601.