an approach to ecosystem management that 1) emphasizes the need to collect and synthesize information on ecosystem structure and function; 2) recognizes that different levels within the ecosystem are interrelated and interdependent; and 3)necessitates management strategies that are ecological, anticipatory and ethical
the integration of water quality management and natural resources management, across jurisdictional boundaries (State, Provincial, and Federal), in order to protect and restore the beneficial uses of the Lake Erie ecosystem.
A comprehensive and holistic approach to understanding and anticipating ecological change, assessing the full range of consequences, and developing appropriate management responses. The integration of water quality management and natural resources management, across jurisdictional boundaries, in order to protect and restore the beneficial uses of the Great Lakes ecosystem. The goal of the ecosystem approach is to restore and maintain the health, sustainability, and biological diversity of ecosystems while supporting sustainable economies and communities. The 1994 SOLEC Integration Paper prepared by the EPA and Environment Canada defined the ecosystem approach to management as "a holistic approach that recognizes the interconnectedness of and addresses the linkages occurring among air, water, land, and living things."