Israel's 120-member parliament. No single political party has ever won a majority of seats, so the Knesset has always been controlled by a coalition of parties. Both Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs are members of the Knesset. Recent election reforms have retained the method of popular election for Knesset members, but have changed the process of selecting a Prime Minister. Formerly, the Prime Minister was the head of the party with the most seats in the Knesset; today the position is filled by direct election.