Permanent panels of the House and Senate, without a date set for their termination. There are about 20 standing committees in each chamber, with each assigned a specific area of legislative responsibility known as jurisdiction. Standing committees can also conduct investigations and practice supervisory oversight of federal programs, agencies, and departments whose responsibilities are part of the committeeâ€™s subject matter jurisdiction.
Committees established by the rules of each house to examine legislation, hold hearings, and make recommendations on legislative measures. They may be abolished or created only by changing the rules.