"Postmodernity" refers to the current historical era and its spirit of skepticism toward the Enlightenment concepts of perpetual progress, absolute truth, and the superiority of science to other ways of knowing, as well as an attitude of openness toward global cultural integration, new technologies, and social ambiguity.
A recent movement in philosophy, the arts and social sciences characterized by scepticism towards the grand claims and grand theory of the modern era, and their privileged vantage point, stressing in its place an openness to a range of voices in social enquiry, artistic experimentation and political empowerment (Johnston et al. 1994).
A philosophical school which views modernism as being ethnocentric and tied to western intellectual and economic colonialism. The view that wholesale adoption of modern western cultural values, economic practices, social organizations, ways of thinking, and personality development are not necessary or even desirable for all peoples.