A dominant current in postwar French philosophy originating in the work of Raymond Barthes in literary theory, Jean Piaget in psychology, and Claude Levi-Strauss in anthropology. It involves moving beneath the visible and conscious designs of social phenomena in order to reveal an essential logic which is supposed to bind these designs together into enduring, underlying structures.
the early school of psychology that sought to identify the components of the conscious mind. (9)
the view that behind the social and cultural realities we perceive, such as clothes or food fashions, kinship organization and even language itself, deep structures exist which, through combinations of their elements, produce the surface complexity of the relevant phenomena. Poststructuralism retains elements of structuralism (its interest in surface signs for example) but abandons the quest for deep structures.