a method of formal analysis in which the object of study is viewed as comprising distinct analytical sub-units. Thus in archaeology, it comprises a form of explanation in which a society or culture is seen through the interaction and interdependence of its component parts; these are referred to as system parameters, and may include such things as population size, settlement pattern, crop production, technology etc.
Systems thinking. Thinking about things as if they are systems, with boundaries, inputs, processes, and outputs. In other words, applying General Systems Theory.
An analytical approach that focuses on how the variables under study interacts with other elements of a system - of which it is a part.