A plant (Solanum tuberosum) of the Nightshade family, and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of which there are numerous varieties used for food. It is native of South America, but a form of the species is found native as far north as New Mexico.
The starchy tuber of a succulent, nonwoody annual plant (Solanum turberosum) native to the Andes Mountains; cooked like a vegetable, made into flour, processed for chips and used for distillation mash.
is the world's most popular tuber and is available in hundreds of varieties including russet, long white, red, Yukon gold, and yellow fin. Specific potatoes, such as russet, are best for baking and frying where others, such as red potatoes, are best for boiling. Potatoes of one type or another are available year-round. Choose potatoes that are firm with a tight unblemished skin, having no sprouts or green areas. Store potatoes in a cool dark area. Don't refrigerate, as the cold temperatures will convert the starches into sugars, creating a mealy, dark potato. For other potato varieties, see boiling, new, red, sweet, white potatoes, and yams.
The edible tuber of a plant from the nightshade family. "Russet" or "Idaho" potatoes have a long, rounded shape and many eyes. The less starchy medium-sized "round whites" and "round reds" are also called "boiling potatoes."
The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, commonly grown for its starchy tuber. Potatoes are the world's most widely grown tuber crop, and the fourth largest crop in terms of fresh produce (after rice, wheat, and maize), but this ranking is inflated due to the high water content of fresh potatoes relative to that of other crops. The potato originated in southern Peru http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/102/41/14694 and is important to the culture of the Andes, where farmers grow many different varieties that have a remarkable diversity of colors and shapes.