Definitions for "Primary health care"
health care that is provided by a health care professional in the first contact of a patient with the health care system
Direct care of an individual with some illness or disability, aimed at curing or alleviating the consequences of that illness or disability.
The Declaration of Alma Ata defines primary health care as being "essential care made universally accessible at a cost a country and community can afford, using methods that are practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable". Primary Health Care is seen as a solution to the inadequate illness management system by providing a balanced system of treatment and disease prevention that is affordable, appropriate and accessible. Principles of advancing health through primary health care include: consumer / community participation and responsiveness self management and reliance intersectoral collaboration and partnerships prevention, health promotion and integrated care social justice and equity These principles require the search for a balance between big picture and local needs and short and longer-term gains in health, recognition of the inequalities in health between groups and greater access to policy development and resource allocation processes.