(Old Saxon: “cross”, “crucifix”) In early Christian churches, a rood was set up at the east end of the nave, flanked by figures of the Virgin and St. John. It was usually wooden and fixed to a special beam in the chancel arch above the rood loft. Sometimes the rood was painted on the wall above the chancel arch.
A Scottish rood (ruid in Lowland Scots, rÃ²d in Scottish Gaelic) was a land measurement of Anglo-Saxon origin. It was in greatest use in the South East of Scotland, and along the border, whereas in the north various other systems were used, based on the land's productivity, rather than actual area. Four Scottish roods made up a Scottish acre.