In Greek, an excess of pride; the most common character defect (one interpretation of the Greek hamartia) of the protagonist in Greek tragedy. "Pride goeth before a fall" is an Elizabethan expression of this foundation of tragedy.
The Greek term hubris (sometimes "hyrbis") is difficult to translate directly into English. It is a negative term implying both arrogant, excessive self-pride or self-confidence, and also a hamartia, a lack of some important perception or insight due to pride in one's abilities.
(Gk- pride, insolence, arrogance; pron. hee'-briss): there is an awareness in Greek heroic literature that the brave hero with a healthy self-esteem may over-reach his position in thinking too highly and too solely of himself; the question is, does Achilles fall into this error by clinging to his rage; in Book 9 Ajax accuses Achilles of harboring a pride which is "wild" and "savage," so excessive and out of control that he no longer has "a thought for his comrades' love" (IX.768-770); the old saying, "pride goeth before a fall," is from the Old Testament (Prov. 16:18-19; cf. 11:2), but it's truth is also illustrated throughout the Iliad; it appears that Homer would have agreed that: "A person's pride will bring humiliation, but one who is lowly in spirit will obtain honor" (Prov. 29:23) (see also aidos and ate).
Excessive or overweening pride or arrogance. Characteristic of Abortionites as they determine who may or may not be included in the human community. Especially evident among Birthists as they prejudge the quality of life of an individual over an entire lifetime based on anticipated circumstances at birth which is itself usually many months away.
Hubris or hybris (Greek ), according to its modern usage, is exaggerated self pride or self-confidence, often resulting in fatal retribution. In Ancient Greek hubris referred to actions taken in order to shame the victim, thereby making oneself seem superior.