The religion of ancient Israelites (the twelve tribes descended from Jacob) and modern Jews founded my Abraham, with Moses as a central figure. Judaism holds that there is one God and that the Jews are chosen people, basing its beliefs on the Torah.
From the Hebrew name of the ancestor Judah, whose name also came to designate the tribe and tribal district in which Jerusalem was located; thus the inhabitants of Judah and members of the tribe of Judah come to be called "Judahites" or, in short form, "Jews"; the religious outlook, beliefs, and practices associated with these people comes to be called "Judaism," and has varying characteristics at different times and places, such as early Judaism and rabbinic Judaism. See Biblical Story.
One of the first recorded monotheistic traditions, the religion and culture of the Jewish people are intricately bound together. The patriarch Abraham is considered the first Jew, holding to the tenets of strict monotheism and devotion to God only, however the religion is non-creedal, meaning that no one creed or dogma holds for all Jewish people. Much of Jewish tradition and early history has been recorded in sacred texts including the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud. Worship within the religion is incorporated into everyday activities and actions in addition to the celebration of sacred or holy holidays. ^ to top
The religion, and culture, of the Jews. Based on the ancient Hebrew beliefs and writings (referred to as the Old Testament by other religions), current doctrine is that if every member of the faith strives to live within God's law, he (God) will fulfill his promise (covenant), and send a messiah to restore the Jews to their rightful place as the ruling class. There are many divisions within the religion, but it is overall, a fluid belief system which evolves with time. The most interesting aspect of this flexibility, is the interpretation of the holy laws in ways which “outsmart” God: allowing for less strict adherence to rules which interfere with contemporary materialism.
A major religion originating among the ancient Hebrews and based on the belief in one God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and on way of life according to God's laws as written in the Torah. Judaism was the precursor of both Christianity and Islam. Currently, there are three major branches of Judaism: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform.
Monotheistic religion based on the Torah (the law of Moses), or the Christian Old Testament. Judaism teaches that God is absolutely one in numerical value, accepts the law of Moses as God's Word for today, and totally rejects the deity or Messianic role of Jesus of Nazareth.