a term of Latin music which crops up in other jazz. (1) An indefinitely repeated pattern of 1, 2 or 4 bars in the piano, typically with ingeniously syncopated moving inner voices and a differently syncopated bass line. (2) Incorrectly, a pyramiding vamp in which one instrument enters alone, then another is added, and so on at regular intervals.
Section A vehicle for improvisation in Cuban and salsa numbers, based on a two or three-chord pattern repeated ad-lib under the instrumental or vocal improvisations. The piano often maintains a repeated vamp of guajeos, a process known as montuneando.
Montuno has two meanings in Salsa music. Firstly, it refers to the repeated part of the song, like a chorus/refrain in popular music. Here the choro (chorus/choir) and pregon (soloist) sing in a call and response style.