A literary technique in which the author gives hints about future events. example- ". . . constant apprehension of the life-and-death struggle between the two which he knew must take place sooner or later." Jack London "I wish that after the intoxicating tide of delight that swept over her when the operation made it possible for her to read with her eyes, she might have found a child responsive to her touch." Helen Keller
To foreshadow something is to give a hint of something before it actually happens. Often, background elements like setting can foreshadow changes to come to central characters or to the main narrative. A violent storm, for example, usually foreshadows some sort of disruptive event.
is the use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in the piece. Example: The early appearance, conversation, and actions of the three witches in Macbeth foreshadow the atmosphere of danger and gloom running through the play.
A device used in literature to create expectation or to set up an explanation of later developments. In Charles Dickens's Great Expectations, the graveyard encounter at the beginning of the novel between Pip and the escaped convict Magwitch foreshadows the baleful atmosphere and events that comprise much of the narrative.
Foreshadowing is a literary device in which an author drops subtle hints about plot developments to come later in the story. Each of these hints widens the range of possible consequences and maintains tension throughout the narrative as these possibilities narrow. An example of foreshadowing might be when a character displays a gun or knife early in the story.