These are courses designed to facilitate entry to HE courses for students who do not have standard entry requirements. For art and design students an art foundation course is a typical entry requirement. Foundation courses are not the same as Foundation degrees that are HE qualifications.
Pre-degree course providing a sound basis of subject knowledge from which to embark on a degree course
A recognised higher education course designed to prepare students who have qualifications that are acceptable for entry in general, but are not appropriate to a specific course of study.