Definitions for "Norm-referenced tests"
Norm-referenced tests compare the achievement performance of single students with the performance of a representative sample, usually a national sample. The purpose of norm-referenced tests are to rank order student achievement across a continuum.
tests that attempt to compare student scores to other students and thus typically separate results into a distribution of scores.
A standardized test designed, validated, and implemented to rank a students' performance by comparing that performance to the performance of that student's peers.