Definitions for "Criterion-referenced tests"
(CRTs) compare student performance to a standard that has been established for particular set of test questions or statements.
Criterion-referenced tests measure a student’s performance in order to determine what a student can do and what they know, reporting this information relative to predetermined standards. Predetermined standards can be based on curricular objectives, skills, or content area knowledge. This type of assessment does not compare students.
the assessment of skills in terms of absolute levels of mastery rather than in comparison to a normative sample.