An assessment in which an individual or group's performance is compared with a larger group. Usually the larger group is representative of a cross-section of all US students. (Ed Source)
an assessment designed to show how a student's performance or test results rank when compared to the work of an appropriate peer group. Norm-referenced assessments assume that some students will do very well, some will do very poorly, and most will fall somewhere in the middle. Norm-referenced assessments focus on providing information about which child knows most and which knows least and how to rank the work of everyone in between.
Test scores, derived during the administration of a standardized test in its developmental stage to a large sample of individuals within the same age range, which form the yardstick for comparing a given individual's score to a group average.