Depending upon experience or observation alone, without due regard to science and theory; -- said especially of medical practice, remedies, etc.; wanting in science and deep insight; as, empiric skill, remedies.
1. originating in or based on observation or experience. 2. relying on experience or observation alone, often without due regard for system or theory. 3. capable of being verified or disproved by observation or experience.
derived from experiment and observation rather than theory; "an empirical basis for an ethical theory"; "empirical laws"; "empirical data"; "an empirical treatment of a disease about which little is known"
one of Kant's four main perspectives, aiming to establish a kind of knowledge which is both synthetic and a posteriori. Most of the knowledge we gain through ordinary experience, or through science, is empirical. 'This table is brown' is a typical empirical statement. (Cf. transcendental).
Concerning or pertaining to data. In the context of this course, the relevant data have to do with the grammatical status or the interpretation of phrases and sentences). When you are asked to give an empirical argument, your argument must be based on judgments concerning phrases or sentences, not on purely conceptual considerations like simplicity, economy, theory-internal consistency, and so on.
empirical refers to knowledge derived from observation or experience. It is often linked, wrongly, to empiricism which refers to a concentration on the observation and description of the world to the exclusion of theorising, except perhaps in the last instance, when all the facts are in (see the philosophy of Francis Bacon). The privileging of the empirical, as opposed to the theoretical aspect of research evident in empiricism is arguably contradictory; before researching one has to decide which facts/observations are relevant to collect, which implies some prior theory of the research object. Empirical also has particular meanings in some areas, for example, in medicine an empirical treatment is based on observed symptoms alone, rather than the results of some form of test.
An awkward adjective that can have contrary meanings in medicine. The word comes from the Greek for experience. On the one hand, empirical medical practice is that which is based only on observation and experiment (praiseworthy); on the other, it can refer to medical practice that's based on very personal experience without taking scientific principles into account (not praiseworthy); at worst it refers to treatment that's chosen on no other basis than: "Let's see if it might work".
Based on actual data. You might believe that 50% of the population is male and 50% female, but empirical data for nearly all countries shows that the balance is closed to 49% men and 51% women. The opposite of empirical is theoretical.