a collection of facts, observations, or other information related to a particular question or problem; as, the historical data show that the budget deficit is only a small factor in determining interest rates.
information, most commonly in the form of a series of binary digits, stored on a physical storage medium for manipulation by a computer program. It is contrasted with the program which is a series of instructions used by the central processing unit of a computer to manipulate the data. In some conputers data and execuatble programs are stored in separate locations.
For a CNC machine tool or a PC data is information in numerical form that can be digitally transmitted or processed. In a statistical sense data is factual information such as measurements used as a basis for discussion or calculation
any type of information transmitted across a computer network from one machine to another; includes such items as word processing files, database records (like patron records, student grades, or customer billing records), card catalog information, pictures, sounds, or even just keystrokes.
This term typically refers to anything that is not a voice, and it is, according to AT&T, "a representation of facts, concepts or instructions in a formalized manner, suitable for communication, interpretation or processing."
A set of collected facts. There are two basic kinds of numerical data: measured or variable data, such as "16 ounces," "4 miles" and "0.75 inches," and counted or attribute data, such as "162 defects."
(DA·ta), pl. data, sing. datum. Used chiefly in the plural data is a reference to a set of details forming the basis for an inference or an argument. In anthropology, as in science in general, data constitutes a collection of facts from which findings and conclusions may be drawn. Scientists look for patterns in data to perceive relationships.
Raw facts and figures to be fed into and processed by a computer. The term data is often used to distinguish binary machine-readable information from textual human-readable information. For example, some applications make a distinction between data files (files that contain binary data) and text files (files that contain ASCII data).
A collection (set) of isolated facts or information. Data can be analogue (expressed in terms of physical quantities such as voltage, weight, distance to represent numbers) or digital (the magnitude of a mathematical measurement represented by digits or numbers). Data may be referred to as measured, observed, calculated or raw. The plural of datum.
statements accepted at a given value (face value); Latin data is the plural of datum. A large class of practically important statements are measurements or observations of physical system properties; such statements may comprise numbers, words, or images. NOTE : term data should be used in English with a plural verb, e.g. " the data are inconclusive".
something given or admitted as a basis for reasoning of inference. NOTE: data is actually a plural word, and in older works is correctly written "the data are conclusive..." Modern usage allows the word to be both singular and plural (rather like deer). The singular is datum.
are symbolic representations of phenomena. database can be thought of as a "population" of data. Each data element is stored in a field. All data fields related to an individual member of the "population" are stored as a unique record.
Facts, images, or sounds that may or may not be pertinent or useful for a particular task. The characteristics of data are: type, accuracy/precision, age, level of summarization, completeness, accessibility, source bias, and relevance/value.
Just as S.O.S. signals say things with dots and dashes, computers "talk" using two kinds of electrical signals: high and low. A stream of these signals put together in an order that a computer can read is called data.
Factual piece of information (as measurements or statistics) used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, or calculation. Information output by a sensing device or organ, it includes both useful and irrelevant or redundant pieces of information that must be processed to be meaningful in a decision making process. Information in numerical form that can be digitally transmitted and/or processed. "Don't confuse me with the data, give me information to make decisions".
information of a quantitative nature consisting of counts or measurements: where they refer to items or events that are separate and can be counted, the data are discrete; where they refer to quantities such as length or capacity that are measured, the data are continuous. Singular: datum.
a collection of measurements or other information which can be stored in a computer and handled by a suitable program, such as a database, spreadsheet or statistical package. 'Raw data' is in its original form, whereas processed data is the result of the operation of a program on raw data.
includes all information, data, material, software code, applications, files, text, logos, images, audio, movie clips and/or content in any form placed on our systems as a result of providing the Service to you.
The purest definition of data is "information collected." Data are often thought of as statistical or quantitative, but they may take other forms-such as transcripts of interviews or videotapes of social interactions. Data are often coded-or quantified-to make them easier to analyze. Data then becomes statistical evidence from which conclusions can be inferred
Facts represented in a readable language (such as numbers, characters, images, or other methods of recording) on a durable medium. Data on its own carries no meaning. Empirical data are facts originating in or based on observations or experiences. A database is a store of data concerning a particular domain. Data in a database may be less structured or have weaker semantics (built-in meaning) than knowledge in a knowledge base. Compare data with information and knowledge.
Digital information. Digital data has the advantage of being able to be copied or transmitted over a digital network any number of times without adversely affecting quality. In digital cinema, instead of the movie images and sound being stored on celluloid film, they are stored as digital data in a file, usually on a hard disk.
This term is legally defined according to the institution. It generally refers to recorded information regardless of form. Most institutions hold title to data while researchers have rights to access the data.
Factual information in the form of text, numbers, graphics, etc. It is used as a basis for reasoning, discussion, and calculations. Also, numeric and other information in a format suitable for processing by a computer. See aggregate data, checksum, control data, data collecting, data management, data management software, data mining, data transfer, database, derived data.
In computing, data is information that has been translated into a form that is more convenient to move or process. The general name given to data as they move from one layer of the OSI model to another is known as the PDU. DNS: Domain Naming System. Used on the internet to translate domain names into IP address
A collection of facts, concepts or instructions in a formalized manner suitable for communication or processing by human or automatic means. Generally used in the GIS field as a reference to all spatial information.
The Computer Security Act statute defines the term "sensitive information" as any information, the loss, misuse, or unauthorized access to or modification of which could adversely affect the national interest or the conduct of Federal programs, or the privacy to which individuals are entitled under section 552a of Title 5. United States Code (the Privacy Act), but which has not been specifically authorized under criteria established by an Executive order or an Act of Congress to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy.
(singular: datum). A plural word referring to any information from empirical observation, whether qualitative or quantitative in form. In quantified studies such as surveys, the raw data are in the form of answers to specific questions, that are then aggregated or grouped to present frequency distributions and other forms of summary data. In qualitative research based on open-ended interviews and general observations, the field notes and interview notes are the raw data. Sometimes groups of open-ended interviews are subjected to content analysis, from which one can obtain frequencies of repeated themes, and other quantified data.
Data is information, usually a bunch of numbers you get from measurements. Let's say you write down the temperature every morning for a three days and you get -10 , -12 C, and -8 C. The numbers -10, -12, and -8 C are your data. For this project, you're collecting a few different kinds of data, including temperature data and snow depth data.
simple observation of the state of the world without any interpretive meaning. It represents a fact or statement of an event without relation to other things. Data that has meaning by way of a relational connection becomes information.
information collected by a researcher. (Data is the plural term; datum the singular). Data are often thought of as statistical or quantitative, but they may take many other forms as well--such as transcripts of interviews or videotapes of social interactions. Nonquantitative data such as transcripts or videotapes are often coded or translated into numbers to make them easier to analyze.
Is an entity that conveys meaning. Computer data is stored as a series of (electrical) charges arranged in patterns to represent information. In other words, data refers to the form of the information (the electrical patterns). It is not the information itself.
In computing, data is information that has been translated into a form that is more convenient to move or process. Relative to today's computers and transmission media, data is information converted into binary digital form.
facts and opinions from which conclusions can be drawn. degree of a: polynomial the greatest of the degrees of its terms. term the sum of the number of times each variable appears as a factor. e.g. the degree of the term 5x3y4z is 8 because 3 + 4 + 1 = 8.
Individual measurements; facts, figures, pieces of information, statistics, either historical or derived by calculation, experimentation, surveys, etc.; evidence from which conclusions can be inferred.
Information documented by a language system representing facts, text, graphics, bit-mapped images, sound, analog or digital live-video segments. Data is the raw material of a system supplied by data producers and is used by information consumers to create information.
Latin "things which are given" (singular datum). Generally, the material put into a computer in coded form and then acted upon by the machine. It usually refers to numerical inputs as opposed to the program which is also fed in. Reckoners, Rev.?, page 0157
A) set of discrete, objective facts about events. Data is transformed into information by adding value through context, categorization, calculations, corrections, and condensation. (); B) facts and figures, without context and interpretation. () Back to the Top
Plural of the Latin datum, meaning an item of information. Following classical usage, one item of information should be called a datum, and more than one item should be called data: â€œThe datum is,â€ but â€œthe data are.â€ In practice, however, data is frequently used for the singular as well as the plural form of the noun.
In the world of computing, pieces of information are stored and communicated in digital form. Anything that is to be processed or stored by a computer is considered data. It is apparently a little known fact that the word "data" is the plural form of the word "datum" and is to be treated grammatically as such. I'm not trying to popularise the use of the word "datum" here, I'm merely trying to offer the fact that the word "data" really should not be referred to as a singular noun. If you're not interested in crap like this, you've probably stopped reading by now, so I will ramble on by offering an example. The sentence "My data has become corrupt!" should really be "My data have become corrupt!" Of course, if you have problems like corrupted data on your hands, then you probably have bigger issues on your mind than grammatical consistency. Data is a precise piece of information. This is what is created and changed by using the computer. It can be anything at all. A word processing document, a spreadsheet, a database.
The plural of the term datum, a single piece of information. Software is divided into two general categories, software and data. Programs are collections of instructions for manipulating data. On a computer, data is stored as bytes, units of storage capable of holding a single character.
Data refers to the raw facts, including numbers, words, images, and sounds, given to a computer during the input operation. In the processing phase, the computer manipulates data to create information-data that has been processed into a form that has meaning and is useful.
Historically, 'data' is the plural of 'datum' (but it is now also universally accepted as the singular!). In computing, it is the content of a computer file that is not an executable (qv). It is file-hosted meaningful information (in the form of text or values) that may be held in standard, eg Windows, folders but may alternatively be stored in an organised database (qv) such as MS Access.
Measurable information collected and organized for analysis and to be used in making decisions. Two common forms of data collection are task analysis (a breaking down of specific skills into smaller steps) and mass trials (repetitive recording of an isolated task).
Information; raw facts. Data can be input into a computer and processed in various ways. For a computer to process data, it must be translated into a form the computer can handle. The smallest discrete element of data that a computer can understand is a bit, or "binary digit". The human brain also processes data fed to it by the sensory organs.
a representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts, or instructions that is being prepared or has been prepared in a formalized manner and is intended to be stored or processed, is being stored or processed, or has been stored or processed in a computer. Data may be embodied in any form, including but not limited to computer printouts, magnetic storage media, laser storage media, and punch-cards, or may be stored internally in the memory of the computer.
Pieces of information from which "understandable information" is derived. In this guide, data refers to the bits (1, 0) recorded in the disc, from which applications or understandable information are -derived.
is the plural of datum, which refers to a record of an observation. Data can be numerical (and hence quantitative) or consist of words or images (hence qualitative). A distinction is sometimes made between naturally occurring data - such as tape recordings of conversations that would have occurred whether a researcher was present or not - and data generated in research settings, as in interviews or on questionnaires. Quantitative data are often arranged in a data matrix for ease of analysis.
Numbers, characters, images, or other method of recording, in a form which can be assessed by a human or (especially) input into a computer, stored and processed there, or transmitted on some digital channel. Source: Foldoc: Free On-line Dictionary of Computing
A general term for any type of information. In a more specific sense, the term data refers to information in a particular context such as the amount of parts a machine has made, the amount of time on a time-delay circuit, or other machine values.
Means a representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts or instructions which are being prepared or have been prepared in a formalised manner, and is intended to be processed, is being processed or has been processed in a computer system or computer network, and may be in any form (including computer printouts magnetic or optical storage media, punched cards, punched tapes) or stored internally in the memory of the computer.
Any form of information, whether in paper or electronic form. In electronic form, data refers to files containing such material as database tables, text documents, images, and digitally-encoded voice and video.
Known facts, numbers, letters and symbols for storage and manipulation by a computer system expressed in character form. Data can be thought of as the basic elements of information used, created or otherwise processed by an application program.
Information pertinent to a specific appraisal assignment. Data may be general (relating to the economic background, the region, the city and the neighborhood) or specific (relating to the subject property and comparable proper- ties in the market).
data refers to the information collected during the course of primary research, e.g. observations, measurements, responses to questions, statistics, visual or audio records, etc., and which form the grounds on which research conclusions are based.
Facts, concepts, or instructions that a computer records, stores and processes. Used in conjunction with INFORMATION SYSTEMS, “raw data” is organized in such a way that people can understand the results.
Any collection of numbers, characters or symbols which are used by a computer. Once a computer has finished processing all the data, it then presents this as information which can be understood by a user
Information put into the computer for processing and storage as contrasted with "code" the programs that make the computer work. Note:Data is a plural noun; the singular form is datum WWWebfx Home Page
A general term used to denote any or all facts, numbers, letters, and symbols that refer to or describe an object, idea, condition, situation, or other factors. These may be line graphics, imagery, and/or alphanumerics. It connotes basic elements of information that can be processed, stored, or produced by a computer.
Items representing facts, text, graphics, bit-mapped images, sound, analog or digital live-video segments. Data is the raw material of a system supplied by data producers and is used by information consumers to create information. DAMA web site at www.dmreview.com
Facts about real-world entities, organized for analysis. Includes results of observations or measurements of such entities. Three components of a datum are of direct relevance to GIS: (1) attribute information that describes the substance, characteristics, variables, values, and similar qualities of the entity; (2) geographical information that describes the position of the entity in space relative to other things in space; and (3) temporal information that describes the instant or period of time during which the entity is at a defined location or in an observed state or condition (attribute).
Known facts which can be used as a basis for inference. Subjective data involve personal feelings, attitudes and perceptions; objective data relate to observable facts. Quantitative data involve numerical observations; qualitative data are non-numerical and related to categories. Longitudinal data are collected over time; cross-sectional data are collected from the same point in time, but from a variety of different geographical areas, etc. Primary data are taken directly from original sources or collected first hand; secondary data have undergone extensive manipulation and interpretation. See also data analysis, data collection.
items of information that have been observed and recorded; can be categorical (e.g. gender) or numerical (e.g. age). Data is often arranged in a list or table. Data can be univariate, bivariate or multivariate.
General term for information including facts, measurements, classification or value representations from which conclusions can be inferred. Things known about real-world entities; results of observations or measurements of such features. A single datum has three potential components: Attributes: attributes describing the substance characteristic variables, values, and similar qualities of the datum. Geographic: information describing the position of the datum in space relative to other data. Temporal: information describing the instant or period of time for which the datum is valid.
A representation of facts, concepts, or instructions in a formalized manner suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing. Any representations, such as characters, to which meaning may be assigned.
The primary resource produced directly by the research process. It may or may not be readable by a computer. Data that is not machine-readable can be made so by using digitisation. By a process of analysis, data in any form can be developed into information.
Social science data are the raw material out of which social and economic statistics are produced. Social science data originate from social research methodologies or administrative records, while statistics are produced from data. Data are the information collected and stored at the level at which the unit of analysis was observed. Summaries of these data are usually statistics. Data must be processed to be of practical use. This compilation is accomplished with statistical software, which reads the raw data from a computer file. Data Encryption Key (DEK)
Collection of raw unprocessed facts, figures, and symbols, processed by a computer to create information. In addition to words and numbers, data also includes sounds, images, and video. 1.4, 5.3, 13.2 electronic data interchange, 10.4 hierarchy of, 13.4-5 maintaining, 13.6-10 representation, 4.13-14 security, see Security sharing, 9.11, 13.13 traveling the Internet, 2.6-7 validation, 13.9-10 Data bus, 4.29 Data communications analyst, 9.39, 16.9
Information in a form suitable for processing by a computer, such as the digital representation of text, numbers, graphic images,or sounds. Strictly speaking, "data" is the plural of the Latin word " ... more
A representation of facts, concepts, information, or instructions suitable for communication, interpretation, or processing. It is used as a plural noun meaning "facts or information" as in: These data are described fully in the appendix, or as a singular mass noun meaning "information" as in: The data is entered into the computer. [Random House Webster's College Dictionary, 1994.
In general, data consists of propositions that reflect reality. A large class of practically important propositions are measurements or observations of a variable. Such propositions may comprise numbers, words, or s.
In computer science, data is often distinguished from programs. A program is a set of instructions that detail a computation or task for the computer to perform. Data is everything that is not program code.
A character from the TV series Star Trek: The Next Generation. Data is an android who initially has no emotions as such and seeks to be more human. In the film "Generations", Data is implanted with an emotions chip. For the rest of the film he has difficulty handling his emotions and tends to be excessive in displaying these.
DataIn the episode "The Measure of a Man", Data's full nameâ€”the sole wordâ€”is elaborated upon in an on-screen graphic with the initialisms NFN and NMI: No First Name, No Middle Initial. is a character in the Star Trek fictional universe. Designed by Doctor Noonien Soong, Lieutenant CommanderIn the past timeline scenes in "All Good Things...", Data wears the insignia of a lieutenant junior grade, although Picard addresses him as "Commander." Data is an android who serves as the second officer and chief operations officer aboard the starships USS Enterprise-D and USS Enterprise-E.
A fixed argument like RDF literals. It may be optionally associated with an XML Schema built-in datatype using the xsi:type attribute. For example: Data xsi:type="xs:dateTime"2002-10-10T17:00:00Z/Data is valid (according to the dateTime datatype), but the following is not: Data xsi:type="xs:dateTime"tomorrow/Data Note, however, that Datatomorrow/Data is valid because no built-in datatype is given. (See: term module)
The contents of an element, generally used when the element does not contain any subelements. When it does, the more general term content is generally used. When the only text in an XML structure is contained in simple elements, and elements that have subelements have little or no data mixed in, then that structure is often thought of as XML "data", as opposed to an XML document.