Generic Skills are transferable skills which can be used across occupational groups. These include key skills, communication, application of number, problem solving, team working, IT and improving own learning and performance. Generic skills also cover reasoning skills, work process, management skills, personal values and attitudes such as motivation, discipline, judgement, leadership and initiative. Transitional skills are those generic skills, such as environmental skills, that contribute to the transition to a more sustainable production process. Vocational Skills are the specific "technical" skills needed to work within an occupation oroccupational group - hence sector skills. These are essential for standard occupational tasks.
seen as ‘natural units' of behaviour, the hallmark of skilled performance is smooth progression towards a goal. Understanding how individuals acquire skills involves more emphasis on the ‘cognitive' aspects of learning. This focuses attention on the changes occurring in the ‘mental models' people construct of the environments they are interacting with. For example, the differences between the way skilled and unskilled individuals categorize the information they are having to process can provide important insights into how skill development can be facilitated.