The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent.
This refers to a talent, such as manual dexterity, visual or spatial acuity, or conceptual thinking. The premise is that though abilities may be taught, learned, or enhanced, there is a natural predisposition to them.
Refers to a complex cognitive construct, such as reading comprehension, writing, or mathematical problem-solving. Messick, S. (1989). Validity. In R. Linn (Ed.). Educational measuremen Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
The natural equipment to accomplish some small part of the meaner ambitions distinguishing able men from dead ones. In the last analysis ability is commonly found to consist mainly in a high degree of solemnity. Perhaps, however, this impressive quality is rightly appraised; it is no easy task to be solemn.
One of the six basic character qualities: Strength (Str), Dexterity (Dex), Constitution (Con), Intelligence (Int), Wisdom (Wis), and Charisma (Cha). Previous versions of Dungeons & Dragons also included Luck and Comliness (attractiveness) as abilities. SEE ABILITY SCORES. (D&D 3.5)