the act or process of removing soil and/or rock materials from one location and transporting them to another. It includes digging, blasting, breaking, loading, and hauling, either at the surface or underground.
(EX·ca·VA·tion). In archaeology the process of the systematic removal of matrix, often called a dig, to acquire the data contained within the archaeological record by observation and three-dimensional recording of the provenience and context of the finds therein
The principle method of data acquisition in archaeology, involving the systematic uncovering of archaeological remains through the removal of the deposits of soil and other material covering them and accompanying them.
The principal archaeological technique for recovering information about the past. Excavation involves the systematic removal of deposits of soil and other material and making detailed records of the results.
Any man-made cut, cavity, trench or depression formed by earth removal. In practical terms, when a hole is more than 15 feet wide at its base, it is called an excavation. An excavation is wider than it is deep.
is the process of clearing and digging in preparation for the modular. This consists of the foundation, utilities and creating access for necessary equipment for delivery. This includes ditches for water, sewer lines, water, optional electric and telephone connections. The hole is dug out with space to place the foundation, drainage pipes and utilities. Necessary underground connections are dug by the use of a backhoe. If ledge (massive rock) cannot be cleared through conventional means, an expensive method of blasting needs to be employed. The alternative to a full basement can be an above ground basement, crawl space or a partial basement. A lot can be accomplished with clean fill but that can increase your capital expenditure.
Intrusive fieldwork with a clear purpose, which examines and records archaeological deposits, features and structures and recovers artefacts, ecofacts and other remains within a specified area or site. This will lead to both a further programme of Post Excavation and Publication and perhaps further excavation.
A systematic process of digging archaeological sites, removing the soil and observing the provenience and context of the finds (both cultural and noncultural) contained within, and recording them in a three-dimensional way.
The process of methodically uncovering and searching for remains of the past. Because an excavation removes any deposits, it destroys a site forever. Archaeological evidence is almost always destroyed if it isn't buried, so excavation plays a large part in recovering this evidence. Some excavation methods are grid layout, open excavation, and quadrant method.