Definitions for "Environmental Impact Assessment"
An assessment applied at the project level is a process intended to ensure that environmental impacts of schemes are identified prior to the work being carried out so that proposals can be modified or managed in such a way that adverse impacts are avoided or minimised. It is also referred to in some of the literature as Environmental Assessment (EA). Environmental Appraisal is sometimes used to refer to a less formalised process than EIA where an assessment is not required by legislation.
An environmental impact assessment determines the potential or actual impact(s) of an activity on the environment.
A set of activities designed to contribute pertinent environmental information to project or program decision-making.
Study which requires special measures to be taken in the design of railway infrastructures with regard to: definition of route, structures, railway track and noise abatement.
Investigating the changes which may be produced in the environment by industrial activity