Strategic Environmental Assessment assesses the environmental impact of plans and programmes prepared by public bodies. Further information here.
An EIA applied at the programme, plan or policy level (i.e. earlier in the decision making process than project level EIA) to ensure that environmental implication are identified prior to their implementation so that they can be modified to avoid or minimise the adverse environmental effects
An appraisal of the impacts of policies and proposals on economic, social and environmental issues.