A material with some of the properties of solid crystals, such as diamonds, and some of the properties of liquids, such as water. As a result, the material can both flow as well as affect the path of light, depending on how the individual molecules are aligned.
The compound found in liquid crystal displays. Liquid crystal reacts predictably when electrically stimulated. This makes it the ideal compound to turn LCD pixels "on" or "off." Liquid crystal is sometimes abbreviated as LC.
Liquid crystals are substances that exhibit a phase of matter that has properties between those of a conventional liquid, and those of a solid crystal. For instance, a liquid crystal (LC) may flow like a liquid, but have the molecules in the liquid arranged and/or oriented in a crystal-like way. There are many different types of LC phases, which can be distinguished based on their different optical properties (such as birefringence).