The science or doctrine of the elementary sounds uttered by the human voice in speech, including the various distinctions, modifications, and combinations of tones; phonetics. Also, a treatise on sounds.
the science of describing and analyzing the patterns of sound combinations of a language. Every language has its own unique pat-terns. For example, Spanish and English both have the sounds /s/ as in sand, /p/ as in pan, and /l/ as in land. English can put all three sounds together in a single syllable, for example, in the words splice or splash, but Spanish cannot combine the three sounds. On the other hand, Polish and English both have the sounds d as in dine and v as in vine; English can-not combine them in that order in a single syllable, but Polish can, as in the word dva (two).
Phonology is the study of the sounds in a language, both the study of phonemes (those sounds that have a significance in a language) and phonetics (how we make and hear those sounds). Question: Can new phonemes enter the language? Consider the sharp intake of breath represented by the word "gasp" discussed in the question under "Morphology" above. The gasping sound is not even considered a phoneme in English, although it is used in Scandinavian languages. All the phonemes in English are "egressive" with the air being pushed out of our lungs. The sound when we gasp is "ingressive" as we suck in air. Especially now, in a period of unprecedented international communication, it seems possible and even likely that new phonemes will enter the English language. And, of course, if it is possible that new phonemes enter the language, the retroflex "d" and pronounced glottal stop in "doh!" will be among the first to be acknowledged as authentic English phonemes. What do you think
the branch of linguistics which studies the sound systems of languages. Phonological rules describe the patterns of sounds used distinctively in a language, and phonologists are interested in the question of what constitutes a possible sound system for a natural language.
Speech is the most typical form of language, and in order to understand speech, a ESL learner must be able to clearly hear, distinguish, and categorize the phonemes within spoken language. A ESL learner who is unable to distinguish between similar phonemes may develop difficulties with comprehension.
Phonology (Greek Ï†Ï‰Î½Î® = voice/sound and Î»ÏŒÎ³Î¿Ï‚ = word, speech, subject of discussion), is a subfield of linguistics which studies the sound system of a specific language (or languages). Whereas phonetics is about the physical production and perception of the sounds of speech, phonology describes the way sounds function within a given language or across languages.