Aspect of language concerned with language use within a communication context. It includes rules that govern language functions (e.g., eye contact, greeting someone, asking questions, answering questions).
Language development skills in the context and environment that include such factors as strategies for topic setting, strategies for clarification and repair, and strategies for decision making about when to use which communication modality. Pragmatic consideration enables more effective communication interactions.
interpersonal use of language; the use of language structures (syntax) and meaning (semantics) to communicate in social contexts (e.g., knowing that "Can you pass the salt?" is not a question about the length of your arm).
The analysis of language in terms of the situational context within which utterances are made, including the knowledge and beliefs of the speaker and the relation between speaker and listener; the ability and desire to communicate in an appropriate way for one's age and culture.
A branch of semiotics (study of signs and symbols) dealing with the relation between signs or linguistics expressions and those who use them; a branch of linguistics dealing with the contexts in which people use language and the behaviour of speakers and listeners.
Social language, the rules for how we use language in different contexts (ex: you speak differently to your boss than your best friend). Also related to social interactions. Many children with language delays or PDD have weaknesses in the area pragmatics.
The practical aspects of using language to communicate in a natural context. It includes the rules about eye contact between speaker and listener, how close to stand, taking turns, selecting topics of conversation, and other requirements to ensure that communication occurs. Many of these rules have a cultural basis.
Those aspects of the study of language that pertain to the identity and intentions of the speaker and hearer, and the context in which speech takes place. The context is sometimes most narrowly regarded as the body of world knowledge to which speakers and hearers have access in generating and interpreting speech. Pragmatics belongs to the study of linguistic performance. See also semantics, speech act, syntax.
In linguistics and semiotics, pragmatics is concerned with bridging the explanatory gap between sentence meaning and speaker's meaning. The study of how context influences the interpretation is then crucial. In this setting, context refers to any factor â€” linguistic, objective, or subjective â€” that affects the actual interpretation of signs and expressions.