Also referred to as the Arts and Crafts style, Craftsman was popular in the United States in the early 20th Century. The style frequently features porches with battered columns, exposed roof rafters projecting under the eaves, gabled front porches and dormers. Building materials included stucco, wood shingles, clapboard, brick and stone. The masonry elements were generally on the first floor. Craftsman building frequently featured casement windows as apposed to single or double hung windows. The Craftsman style is considered a return to a simpler, more natural type of architecture and is a direct opposite to the ornate Victorian Era architecture.