A pattern of genetic information that is unique to a group of organisms or viruses. Six major genotypes of HCV are found in the United States; these are numbered 1 through 6. Of these, genotype 1 is the most common in the United States and is also the most difficult to treat. Doctors may determine the genotype of hepatitis C to help decide the best treatment.
The internally coded "blueprint" of an organism, held within the DNA. This genetic code details the characteristics of the plants as they develop and grow. Differs from phenotype in that it codes for internal rather than external factors.
Your genetic potential when born. Physically and psychologically. Someone may be born with the physical genotype to play football for his or her country. Someone may be born with a genetic potential to develop depression. Whether they do so depends on environment. See phenotype.
The entire set of specific alleles present in an organism or cell: the genetic information that (together with the environment) defines the phenotype. Often refers only to the alleles controlling a particular trait of interest.
for most of the viruses in this archive the "genotype" is defined indirectly by the antigenic phenotype of the virus - the HA and NA proteins. Where further information is available - either by identification directly or indirectly of the genes for the internal or M1 proteins - it is specifically given, or the method of genotyping, e.g., PAGE, is given. - high yield HA mutants specifically of contemporary swine H1N1 influenza viruses related to single base changes in the HA gene.
the hereditary potential of an organism forms the genotype;it is a theoretical unit because the physical unit that exists (the phenotype) is the result of the interaction of the genotype and the environment. a single strain or species on which a genus is founded. This usage (by nomenclators) is one to be avoided.
Usually considered the sum of all possible genetic input the animal is holding. This is the "internally coded, inheritable information" carried by all living organisms. This stored information is used as a "blueprint" or set of instructions for building and maintaining a living creature. These instructions are found within almost all cells and are copied at the time of cell division or reproduction and are passed ("inherited") from one generation to the next.
The "type" of gene or genetic marker an individual has at a specific location in his or her genome. A genotype consists of 2 alleles since chromosomes come in pairs. However, a genotype on either of the male sex chromosomes (X or Y) consists of a single allele.
The full set of genes carried by an individual, whether expressed or silent alleles. Similar to genome. Compare to phenotype. What makes living matter so different from other self-organizing systems is that a cell has an information center, the genes, concerned with orchestrating the many different processes going on within the cell, and in such a manner that copies of the cell tend to survive.
The combination of genes that make up an organism. This has no form itself but directs the creation of the phenotype following the interaction of system, dynamics and environment. Usually regarded as comprising a number of alleles or bits (systems having two states, 0 or 1, off or on).
The specific genetic variants at one or more locus of an individual. Typically, the two chromosomal copies of a polymorphic site. For instance, A/A or A/G or G/G. Can also be used as a verb, meaning the determination of such genotype(s). HAP® Database The compilation of annotated data on the identity, frequency and distribution of SNPs, SNP alleles, and HAP(tm) Markers generated by examining genomic DNA from Genaissance's Index Repository.
the genetic identify of an individual as distinguished from its physical appearance. The sum total of the genetic information contained in an individual both as expressed characteristics and characteristics which are not expressed. contrast with phenotype.
different genotypes of the one virus are similar enough to be regarded as the same type, but have some minor differences in their genetic composition. These differences may mean the various genotypes react differently to our immune response or to drug treatments and natural therapies.
An individual's unique assortment of genes inherited from both parents. The various genes that interact to determine a dog's coat color is an example of genotype. ypothyroidism: deficient activity of the thyroid gland; also, a resultant bodily condition characterized by lowered metabolic rate and general loss of vigor.
A term used to describe the specific genetic structure of hepatitis C. The ten identified genotypes are believed to be closely related in their genetic make-up, but differ sufficiently such that each genotype results in a different immune response and response to treatment.
The composition of alleles of an organism, usually for a few specific genes that are being studied. For example: "A person whose phenotype is type A blood can have a genotype of AA or AO." See phenotype.
A unique set of genetic information that codes for and determines specific characteristics about an organism. There are 6 known major genotypes of the hepatitis C virus, some of which are more prevalent in specific parts of the world.
genetic variation in the structure of HCV, resulting in six major genotypes, designated by the numbers 1 through 6. There are also many subtypes, e.g., 1a, 1b, 2a, etc. In the U.S., genotype 1 is predominant (approximately 70-75% of patients).
The genetic composition of an organism. In human karyotyping, the genotype is designated 46, XX for normal females and 46, XY for normal males. (46 refers to the total number of chromosomes: one pair of each chromosome numbers 1 through 22 plus a pair of sex chromosomes, X and Y).
(jean´ oh type) [Gr. gen: to produce + typos: impression] • An exact description of the genetic constitution of an individual, either with respect to a single trait or with respect to a larger set of traits. (Contrast with phenotype.)
A pattern of genetic information that is unique to an individual or group. The hepatitis B virus has a pattern of genetic information unique to itself. Doctors may determine the genotype to help decide the best treatment. Currently, there are seven known genotypes for hepatitis B; however, its significance is not well established for clinical use. Hepatitis C treatment can be based on genotype.
For any one animal, the set of alleles present at one or more loci under investigation. At any one autosomal locus, a genotype will be either homozygous (with two identical alleles) or heterozygous (with two different alleles).
An individual hereditary constitution derived from its parents and forming a unique combination of genes; sometimes referring to trees having similar genetic constitutions with regard to certain common, identifiable, genetic characteristics, expressed in distinctive features.
A pattern of genetic information that is present in related organisms. Hepatitis viruses vary by type (A, B, C, etc) and each type has a number of genotypes (1, 2, 3, 4). Doctors may determine the genotype to help decide the best treatment.
genetic information or the genetic code that determines a specific genetic trait (e.g., the color of your eyes or hair). In HIV, if the virus has normal genetic information, it will most likely be sensitive to antiviral medications. If the virus has mutated genetic information, it may be resistant to an antiviral medication.
A taxonomic level recorded in avida which represents all creatures with a totally identical genome. Genotype is one of the standard tools used to study avida, as all creatures of a particular genotype should behave similarly given a fixed environment.