a motion picture consisting of a series of frames, each being a photograph of a drawing rather than a frame produced by filming a scene of true action, and in which the objects are displaced slightly in succeeding frames so as to give the appearance of motion when projected as a motion picture on the screen. The types of characters portrayed in such films are often similar or identical to those in a comic strip.
A preliminary large-scale sketch of the design to be woven, drawn on paper. Squares, each representing a knot, are then ruled onto the sketch by hand, some workers being employed solely for this purpose. The cartoon greatly facilitates the work of village weavers making carpets with very elaborate designs.
A charcoal drawing made on card used in the making of large works of art, especially frescoes. The outline is then nicked out with a small knife or pricked out with an awl and placed on the surface to be painted. The form is then dusted with coal powder which leaves the outline of the picture to be painted on the surface.
an often humorous or satirical drawing to evoke emotions, usually with a caption. A cartoon is typically a simple-lined drawing and tells a story or continues a story; it can consist of one or more pictures or frames.
A preliminary sketch similar in size to the glass object that will be created. This is often a translation from water color or other art work to a draft that specifically addresses issues such as size and shape of individual pieces of glass.
the full-size drawing on which the final mosaic is based. The cartoon is usually drawn onto brown paper in full colour and detail, it is then transferred to the surface to be worked on by the pouncing technique or simply traced over the main lines with a stylus.
Full-size model for a work of art, mostly used for frescoes, mosaics, stained-glass windows and draperies. The artist would draw or paint a sketch on the cartoon, usually paper. He himself or someone else would then transfer the design onto the definitive location. Famous cartoons are the ones Raphael created for the draperies in the Sistine Chapel, for example this one.
A full-size drawing on paper of a stained glass window. The cartoon may be color or black-and-white. It contains all the patterning for the lead and information for glass painting. Cartoons are often hand-drawn buy may also be achieved through mechanical or photographic means. Commercial studios may reuse cartoons dozens of times simply by resizing the window or border shape.
This is the full scale under drawing of the finished result, used as a guide for the artist to paint on the intonaco. The reason for this is that the giornata must be completed in one day, so the artist does not have time to spend perfecting an under drawing. Similarly fresco is an unforgiving medium and any mistakes will generally stay, so making corrections to the under drawing is not an option.
From the Italian word cartone, meaning cardboard. A full-scale drawing for a picture or design intended to be transferred to a wall, panel, tapestry,etc. Or a drawing, usually humorous or satirical, calling attention to some action or person of popular interest.
A humorous sketch or drawing usually telling a story or caricaturing some person or action. In fine arts, a preparatory sketch or design for a picture or ornamental motif to be transferred to a fresco or tapestry.
A drawing often with a story and captions. Usually for amusement, it can be used for educational purposes or to provoke an emotional response to a subject. A cartoon was also an Old Master's technique of making life sized drawings and then transferring these to a support by brushing charcoal over pinholes set in the drawing, often used in large fresco works.
Prior to the modern method of digitizing on-screen, an enlarged picture or cartoon of a design was drawn, using the industry-standard six to one ratio (the cartoon being six times larger than the resulting design).