Hamlet is a tragedy by William Shakespeare, and is one of his best-known and most-quoted plays. Evidence suggests that it was complete and being performed by 1600, but had some topical references added (which still survive) the following year.Jenkins, pp. 1-6; the topical material concerned the "war of the theatres" and â€” possibly â€” the Essex rebellion in early 1601 ("the late innovation") Hamlet is probably the most popular of Shakespeare's plays, judging by the number of productions; for example, topping the list at the Royal Shakespeare since 1879. (Crystal, 2005, p.66) The plot contains elements of revenge tragedy, fratricide, murder, existentialist self-questioning and supernatural intervention.
Hamlet is a 1948 British film adaptation of William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, directed by and starring Sir Laurence Olivier. Hamlet was Olivier's second film as director, and also the second of his three Shakespeare films. It is the only one of Olivier's directorial efforts to be filmed in black and white.