A municipality is a small area of a province with whatever local powers that may be given to it more senior (federal or provincial) levels of government. Municipalities are the closest and most intimate level of government and most sensitive to the wishes of the people. In Canada our municipal structures came from the American experience with our first refugee immigrants after the American revolution. Our provincial and federal government traditions come from our British colonial experience.
a creature of statute and can only act pursuant to powers expressly conferred by statute, powers necessarily or fairly implied by the statute, and ancillary powers indispensable to carrying out its purpose ( R
A city, town, borough, county, parish district, association or other public body (including an intermunicipal agency of two or more of the foregoing entities) created by or pursuant to State law, an Indian tribe an authorized Indian tribal organization, having jurisdiction over disposal of sewage, industrial wastes or other wastes or a designated and approved management agency under Section 208 of the Act. This definition excludes a special district, such as a school district, which does not have as one of its principal responsibilities the treatment, transport or disposal of liquid wastes.
A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. A municipality is typically governed by a mayor and a city council or municipal council.