Asks candidates to describe clearly, make intelligible and give reasons for a concept, process, relationship or development. For example: Explain the historical factors that gave rise to the birth of the cognitive perspective.
In explanatory answers it is imperative that you clarify and interpret the material you present. In such an answer it is best to state the "how or why," reconcile any differences in opinion or experimental results, and, where possible, state causes. The aim is to make plain the conditions which give rise to whatever you are examining.