A complete sentence, or part of a sentence consisting of a subject and predicate united by a copula; a thought expressed or propounded in language; a from of speech in which a predicate is affirmed or denied of a subject; as, snow is white.
The meaning of a sentence that makes a claim, that is, a sentence that can either be true or false. For example, "The current president is bald" expresses a proposition, but not "Is the current president bald?" or "Shave the current president's head!" because the first sentence can either be true or false, but not the latter two. A proposition is identified with the meaning of a sentence, and not the sentence itself, since the same claim or proposition can be expressed in two different sentences, such as "It is raining" and "Il pleut." In philosophical terminology "proposition" and "statement" are often used interchangably.
A statement that is either true or false with no ambiguity. For example, the proposition "I just tipped a bucket of burning oil into your lap," is either true or false, but there's no ambiguity about it.
A thesis statement, or claim, that suggests a specific action to take and seeks the support of readers to take that action. A proposition is supported by evidence demonstrating why this course of action is the best to take. See also major proposition and minor proposition.
In Livingstone, a Proposition is an element of a Clause. It is an equality predicate that is partitioned into Positive Propositions and Negative Propositions. Same Propositions can be expressed as Positive Proposition s and Different Propositions can be expressed as Negative Proposition s. A Clause may Support a Proposition.
Closely allied to proposal both etymologically and in practical daily use. Widely divorced from this and greatly confused in its current appearances in the logics. Many efforts in the last two decades to distinguish it clearly from assertion, statement, sentence, and other words of this type upon the basis of the older self-oriented logics, have only served to increase the difficulties. Sufficient light is thrown upon its status by its demand, concealed or open, that its component terms be independent fixities while at the same time it hypostatizes itself into an ultimate fixity. Treated in Dewey's Logic, the Theory of Inquiry under radically different construction as an intermediate and instrumental stage in inquiry.
An expression in language of something that is either true or false. Also, the actual state of affairs so expressed. The same proposition can be expressed by different linguistic forms. Conversely, the same linguistic form can express different propositions. Examples: Same meaning, different form: Aliens have abducted Eleanor. Eleanor has been abducted by aliens. Same form, different meaning: We last saw Eleanor an hour ago (spoken on December 11, 2000 at 3 p.m. vs. on January 14, 2002 at 5 a.m.).
A question of public policy appearing on the ballot. A political committee supporting or opposing a question of public policy on the ballot has the same filing requirements as a political committee supporting or opposing a candidate.
An offer by one player directly to another for the two of them to make a suggested action, such as drawing one more card each (or calling the bet). Propositions are most common in No-Limit Lowball poker games.
The same prearranged position to be played over a certain amount of times, most often for money or as a way to settle a dispute most often over a cube decision. If Player A believes a cube is a take and Player B believes it is a drop, they can play the proposition out many times for money and typically the player most correct will be the one that wins more money.
Proposition in politics, currently rarely used, designates political parties, factions and individuals in a legislature who are favorable and supportive of the ruling government, as against the Opposition.