There is a common sentiment that â€œknowledge is power.â€ Literacy is a form of knowledge. Also, literacy gives one access to even greater reservoirs of knowledge. In contact situations between literate and nonliterate groups, those who are literate almost invariably have an advantage over those who are not. In situations where illiteracy has been institutionalized as a means of social control or discrimination, literacy is a powerful and effective liberator. It is a means of empowerment. In a sense, all literacy programs have an element of empowerment. Here, however, we are distinguishing a program type as an Empowerment program because empowerment is a central (although not always explicit) feature of the program.
X and the subordinate clause together carry the same meaning as their corresponding simple sentence. However, the primary focus of the cleft construction is on an element, often marked by intonation, that introduces new information. This element appears either as X or in the subordinate clause.