Referendum is a community creation Web toolkit focused around issues and their resolution through voting. It's a drop-in Web application used for understanding and empowering online communities through the democratic process.
The principle or practice of referring measures passed upon by the legislative body to the body of voters, or electorate, for approval or rejection, as in the Swiss cantons (except Freiburg) and in various local governments in the United States, and also in the local option laws, etc.; also, the right to so approve or reject laws, or the vote by which this is done. Referendum is distinguished from the mandate, or instruction of representatives by the people, from direct government by the people, in which they initiate and make the laws by direct action without representation, and from a plebiscite, or popular vote taken on any measure proposed by a person or body having the initiative but not constituting a representative or constituent body.
A vote by the citizens authorizing the implementation of a transportation system or taxes to pay for the system. One example is Duval County citizens voted to approve the Better Jacksonville Plan that will build/repair roads and plan for a future rapid transit system.
A vote held under the Referendum Act to measure public opinion on a matter of public interest or concern. The Referendum Act provides for the Lieutenant Governor in Council to make regulations regarding the manner by which a referendum is conducted.
A ballot measure challenging a legislative action by the city council or county board of supervisors. When sufficient voter signatures are filed before the council or board action becomes final, the council or board must either set aside its action or call an election on the matter. Use permits, variances, and subdivisions cannot be challenged by referendum.
A ballot measure challenging a legislative action by the city council or county board of supervisors. Referenda petitions must be filed before the action becomes final and may lead to an election on the matter. The California Constitution guarantees the right to referendum.
In agriculture, referendum generally refers to a vote by farmers on whether to approve or disapprove a farm program, such as mandatory production or marketing controls, assessments for generic commodity promotion, or marketing orders.
A direct vote by which the electorate can decide issues of public policy put to it by its government. After the National Convention* of 1946-48, the government asked Newfoundlanders to decide their political future by this means. In the first referendum (3 June 1948), Newfoundlanders voted for one of three forms of government-- continued Commission of Government*; Responsible Government* as it existed in 1933, or confederation* with Canada. Neither option received a majority of votes. In the second referendum, (22 July 1948), only two options were on the ballot--confederation and responsible government. Confederation won with 52 percent of the vote.
Each candidate country will hold a referendum to check whether the majority of its citizens are in favour of their country joining the EU. The referendum is not binding in all countries, including Malta. While the Maltese Nationalist Government says it will bind by its result, the Opposition Labour Party insists that he will only stick to the result of a general election.
The submission of a change in how the marketing order or marketing area to the producers for approval. In California, referendums are only required by major amendments to the Plans. In federal milk market orders, producers are given the opportunity to vote for or against an amended order after issuance of a formal decision. A two–thirds majority is necessary for approval. Rejection applies to the amended order in its entirety, not just the amendments.
A form of direct democracy in which citizens of a state, through gathering signatures, can require that a legislative act come before the people as a whole for a vote. The process also allows the legislature to send any proposal for law to the people for a vote.
The submission of a law, proposed by the Legislature or already in effect, to a direct vote of the people. In Oregon, both houses of the Legislature must vote to refer a statute or constitutional amendment for a popular vote. Such referrals cannot be vetoed by the governor. In addition, to place a referendum on the ballot, supporters must obtain a specified number of signatures from registered voters. The number required is determined by a fixed percentage of the votes cast for all candidates for governor at the general election preceding the filing of the petition. Referendum petitions require four percent, currently 44,524 signatures. (See also: Initiative)
A special election held on a specific important matter, like the 1960 referendum on whether or not South Africa should become a republic; or the one in 1992 where white South Africans had to say whether or not black South Africans should be granted voting rights. In such a referendum, the voters just vote 'yes' or 'no' to the specific question.
A direct vote in which an entire electorate accepts or rejects a proposal. The term is similar to plebiscite but, unlike the latter, is usually used to describe decision-making votes on things of lesser importance than a change of sovereignty â€“ for instance, constitutional amendments, laws or specific government policies. Although they can be seen as a form of direct democracy, many politicians believe that referendums undermine the basis of representative democracy.
a form of direct democracy, as is the practice of recall, by which an elected offical may be voted out of office between elections if enough people sign a petition to remove him and then win the subsequent vote
a decision-making exercise in direct democracy whereby citizens are asked at least to vote "yes" or "no" to a question in the form of a ballot. The results of a referendum may or may not be binding on a government.
A measure referred to voters by a state legislature proposing that specific legislation be approved or rejected. Oftentimes, the terms "ballot initiative," "referendum" and "proposition" are used interchangeably.
A measure referred to voters by a state legislature proposing that specific legislation be approved or rejected. Oftentimes, the terms Referendum, Proposition and Ballot initiative are used interchangeably.
In relation to agricultural policy, a referendum involves a vote by producers of a specific commodity for a proposed program that will obligate all producers to participate in the program if a specified percentage of producers favor it.
a vote of all enrolled electors on some matter, which may be held in conjunction with a general election or at some other time. See also: binding referendum, citizens initiated referendum, indicative referendum, use of referendums, table of referendum results
All electors voting on a specific issue; under Section 128, the Australian Constitution can only be altered by referendum where a majority of voters in a majority of States and Territories, as well as a majority of voters across the nation, agree to the change
a decision-making mechanism of direct democracy whereby citizens, are asked to vote, at a minimum, "yes" or "no" to a question in the form of a ballot. The result of the referendum vote may or may not be binding on a government or legislature.
A vote taken to allow electors to have their say on an issue. A national referendum must be held to implement any change to the Federal Constitution. A proposal must pass all readings and then be approved by a majority in both Houses of Parliament prior to being put to the people in a referendum. The proposal must then be approved by a majority of voters in a majority of States in a national referendum.
Popular vote on proposals that may be initiated by the people (See “INITIATIVE” and “PEOPLES' VETO.”) or by the Legislature. Referenda may be binding or advisory, statewide or restricted to a lower level of government.
A referendum (plural: 'referenda') or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. This may be the adoption of a new constitution, a constitutional amendment, a law, the recall of an elected official or simply a specific government policy. The referendum or plebiscite is a form of direct democracy.
a terrible idea as a US policy , since it reflects the idea that the US is the government of Iraq, and gets to make decisions, including decisions about which policies can be pursued independently, and which need referred directly to the Iraqi people