Ongoing scrutiny, generally using methods distinguished by their practicability and uniformity, and frequently by their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy. Its main purpose is to detect changes in trend or distribution in order to initiate investigative or control measures Last, 1988
Systematic sampling and residue analysis of commodities, and collation and interpretation of data, in order to ensure compliance with established MRLs. Surveillance may be directed at domestic, imported or exported commodities.
The ongoing systematic collection and analysis of influenza data, and the dissemination of information to regional and national public health organization, for the purpose of an effective disease prevention and control program.
A function of contract administration used to determine contractor progress and to identify any factors that may delay performance. Involves government review and analysis of (1) contractor performance plans, schedules, controls, and industrial processes and (2) the contractor's actual performance under them. ( FAR 42.11. 01)
The systematic recollection, verification and analysis of data and the dissemination of the information to those who need to know it in order to take actions.
A systematic, observation of airspace or surface areas by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means. ] [the systematic observation of a given area for patterns of activity of any kind, as opposed to more focused scouting or reconnaissance] see also: reconnaissance; scouting
continuous observation, measurement, and evaluation of the progress of a process or phenomenon with the view to taking corrective measures.146
observing through watching or cameras for protection or investigation A scheme to introduce surveillance cameras in Lan Kwai Fong was dropped after a number of people complained. surveillant (adj, n)
Any software designed to use a webcam, microphone, screen capture, or other approaches to monitor and capture information. Some such software will transmit this captured information to a remote source. Examples. See also Key Logger.
A type of research that establishes the nature of a health problem, describes its incidence and prevalence trends, and monitors its magnitude over time. Public health specialists use this information to determine appropriate prevention and intervention efforts.
A systematic series of investigations of a given population of aquatic animals to detect the occurrence of disease for control purposes, and which may involve testing samples of a population. (from OIE 2003a)
ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of outcome-specific data, closely integrated with the timely dissemination of these data to those responsible for preventing and controlling disease or injury.
a dynamic process in which data on the occurrence and distribution of health or disease in a population are collected, collated, analyzed, and disseminated.
Systematic collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of data (generated by the laboratory and private and public domain literature) related to the biotechnology field to assist in the planning and implementation of research, evaluation and management of risks and public health interventions and programs (if needed).
A formal process whereby information is acquired and recorded from surveys, checks or other procedures related to the presence or absence of a pest, weed or disease.
collecting disease information.
The systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health data on an ongoing basis, to gain knowledge of the pattern of disease occurrence and potential in a community, in order to control and prevent disease in the community.
A system of monitoring the health of the population, which is used to prevent foodborne illness outbreaks from increasing.
the process of monitoring the number of cases of disease in the community.
Includes informal surveillance (e.g. by casual observers), organised surveillance (by trained security guards, attendants and other trained personnel) and electronic surveillance (e.g. security cameras). The National Guidelines are aimed especially at enhancing opportunities for informal surveillance so that antisocial behaviour or crime-related incidents are discouraged or detected and prevented.
A systematic examination and testing of animals or things to determine the presence or absence of an exotic disease.
Injury surveillance includes the collection of data, and the review, analysis and dissemination of findings on incidence (new cases), prevalence, morbidity, survival and mortality. Surveillance also serves to collect information on the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of the public with respect to practices that prevent injuries, facilitate screening, extend survival and improve quality of life.
close observation and monitoring
Ongoing monitoring using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy. The purpose of surveillance is to detect changes in trend or distribution to initiate investigative or control measures. Active surveillance is systematic and involves review of each case within a defined time frame. Passive surveillance is not systematic. Cases may be reported through written incident reports, verbal accounts, electronic transmission, or telephone hotlines, for example.
Also called "the gaze." Michel Foucault's work focuses our attention on any device, no matter how well-intended, that collects information, observation, and data on our person. With every ounce of gaze, we lose our freedom and our privacy. A simple mechanism like MBO (management by objectives) can collect info on our movements, contacts, and thinking that can be exploited to control and to docilize our behavior. Surveillance gets "internalized" when we are conditioned to gaze our own thoughts and actions.
the continuing evaluation, analysis and verification of a supplier's records, methods, procedures, products and services, to assure that requirements are met.
The systematic observation ofaerospace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons,, or things, by visual, aural, photographic, or other means (DOD JP 1994).
Research studies assessing trends in risk factors, behaviors, and health services to determine changes over time and the influence of these trends on incidence, morbidity, mortality, and survival rates.
The ongoing collection, collation, analysis and interpretation of disease specific data and dissemination to those who need to know to take steps to decrease the impact of the disease.
Disease surveillance is the regular collection, monitoring and analysis of information and data relevant for control and prevention of disease. The data may be used to define baseline levels of disease. By knowing the baseline, one may then identify unusual occurrences of disease. The purposes of infectious disease surveillance are to interrupt transmission of disease to susceptible persons and to reduce infection and death through timely reporting, identification and investigation of outbreaks, and interpretation of investigative data and dissemination of findings.
the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health data with timely dissemination of findings
a systematic observation of airspace or surface areas by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means. svc service swbd switchboard SWO staff weather officer TA theater army TAACOM theater army area command TAB target acquisition battery tac tactical TAC Tactical Air Command (USAF) TACCS tactical army combat service support computer system
The continual monitoring of a process; a type of periodic assessment or audit conducted to determine whether a process continues to perform to a predetermined standard.
Activity and duty given to the IMF to monitor and evaluate countries' macroeconomic performance and policies. IMF member countries are obligated to provide the IMF with the information necessary to carry out its surveillance tasks.
The systematic observation of aerospace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic or other means.
The close observation of a person, group or thing. See also Counter Surveillance.
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of data (e.g., regarding agent/hazard, risk factor, exposure, health event) essential to the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice, closely integrated with the timely dissemination of these data to those responsible for prevention and control.
the collection and analysis of timely health information used to monitor health and disease in a population.
See Public Health Surveillance.
The monitoring of animal populations to check for the presence of the virus.
Close or continuous observation or testing (e.g., serosurveillance), used, among others, in epidemiology. Immunological surveillance, or immunosurveillance, is a monitoring process of the immune system that detects and destroys neoplastic (e.g., cancerous) cells and that tends to break down in immunosuppressed individuals. See also Epidemiologic Surveillance.
Monitoring of patient data to determine incidence and prevalence of infections and distribution in a facility.
The regular monitoring of cases of a specific disease or health event
close observation of a person or group
The process of monitoring community-wide illness syndromes or disease occurrence to detect a possible bioterrorist attack or natural outbreaks of unusual diseases.
Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior. Systems surveillance is the process of monitoring the behavior of people, objects or processes within systems for conformity to expected or desired norms in trusted systems for security or social control. Clinical surveillance refers to the monitoring of diseases or public health–related indicators (for example symptoms indicating an act of bioterrorism) by epidemiologists and public health professionals.