In research ethics the term, "fabrication" means making up data, experiments or other significant information in proposing, conducting or reporting research. In engineering, the term "fabrication" has a benign connotation, meaning to make something.
Fabrication, in the context of scientific inquiry and academic research, refers to the act of intentionally falsifying research results, such as reported in a journal article. Fabrication is considered a form of scientific misconduct, and is regarded as highly unethical. In some jurisdictions, fabrication may be illegal.