Obsolete term: Refer - "Request for Proposals" The process whereby areas of research are reinvested. This is mainly done via a contestible process (e.g. call for proposals, tenders, etc.). The exception to this is a negotiated approach which will be used in special circumstances (e.g. where exceptional levels of co-funding are demonstrated, i.e. research consortia; or in key areas where there is only one research provider in New Zealand). An advancement is often based around a set of portfolios (e.g. Food & Fibre) or an area of research (e.g. GMO).