A term referring to compulsive drug use, psychological dependence, and continuing use despite harm. Addiction is frequently and incorrectly equated with physical dependence and withdrawal. See also: Treatment
A primary, chronic, neurobiological disease, with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations; addiction is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the following: Impaired control over drug use, compulsive use, continued use despite harm, and craving.
a term referring to compulsive drug use, psychological dependence and continuing use despite harm. Addiction is frequently and incorrectly equated with physical dependence and withdrawal. Physical dependence, not addiction, is an expected result of opioid use.
A psychological dependence on a medicine; uncontrollable drug craving, seeking, and use. Substance abusers, or addicts, take drugs to satisfy physical, emotional, and psychological needs, not to solve medical problems.
Any activity that repeatedly harms self or others. The repeated overruling of the human will. The continued maintenance of a level of a substance in the bloodstream (medical definition). "Everything in excess is opposed to nature (Hippocrates, c. 400 B.C.)"
Surrender and devotion to the regular use of a medicinal or pleasurable substance for the sake of relief, comfort, stimulation, or exhilaration which it affords; often with craving when the drug is absent. PS dependence.
Physical and psychological craving for a drug or drugs and related behaviours. The process of addiction is progressive and chronic. Addiction is more commonly referred to as psychological and physical dependence.
Addiction may be defined as ‘a comforting but artificial and self-consuming relationship with something external to self' (Peele, 1975). This relationship continues despite eventual negative consequences. More...
Addiction raises some of the sharpest questions about the dividing line between the legitimate exercise of patients' autonomy and the warranted scope of "paternalistic" intervention. Some forms of drug addiction seem to damage the capacity for autonomous decision, which may tend to support the notion that criminal liability is thereby also decreased. Finally, the boundaries of addiction continue to be contested, as a variety of forms of self-destructive behavior are proposed as candidates for bearing the label "addiction." [See Case Studies related to Addiction
1. A habit or trait, done to excess in the unrealistic hope that it will improve one's mood, when in reality it will be negative and harmful. 2. Repetitive patterns of behavior that result both in an impaired sense of reality and personal isolation. 3. An allergy (physical) coupled with a compulsion (mental) to use drugs. The inability to stop using. "Going to any length to use drugs," characterized by insanity and a failure to manage the rest of one’s life. Physical, emotional and mental breakdowns. Relationships suffer immensely. 4. Your mind and/or your body constantly telling you to do to excess something that is not good for you. 5. A habitual inability to choose good behaviors or actions over bad, despite the knowledge that the behavior or action is consistently destructive.
Physical and psychological craving for a drug or drugs and related behaviours. The process of addiction is progressive and chronic. The state of addiction is more commonly referred to as a varying state of dependency (NCETA, 2002).
A brain disorder characterized by the loss of control of drug-taking behavior, despite adverse health, social, or legal consequences to continued drug use. Addiction tends to be chronic and to be characterized by relapses during recovery.
a problem that is defined by a repeated action that does harm to the person doing it but the person continues to do the activity and usually increases the activity; it can apply to drugs (for example, alcohol, nicotine in cigarettes, pain pills, heroin, cocaine) or to activities (for example, sex, vomiting, eating, and even exercise in extreme cases)
a stage, psychic and sometimes physical, resulting from interaction between a living organism and a drug, characterised by behavioural and other responses that always include a compulsion to take the drug on a continuous or periodic basis in order to experience its psychic effects and sometimes to avoid the discomfort of its absence. Tolerance may or may not be present. (W.H.O. 1969).
Dependence on a chemical substance to the extent that a physiological or strong psychological need is established. The need appears as withdrawal symptoms when the substance is removed. Narcotics, alcohol, nicotine and most sedative drugs may produce addiction.
General term referring to the concepts of tolerance and dependency. According to WHO addiction is the repeated use of a psychoactive substance to the extent that the user is periodically or chronically intoxicated, shows a compulsion to take the preferred substance, has great difficulty in voluntarily ceasing or modifying substance use, and exhibits determination to obtain the substance by almost any means. Some authors prefer the term addiction to dependence, because the former also refers to the evolutive process preceding dependence.
means that a drug dependency has developed to such an extent that it has serious detrimental effects on the user and often their family as well. They may be using every day and be intoxicated most of the time and have great difficulty stopping drug use. The term 'addiction' is usually applied to drugs but can be used with lots of activities that can become compulsive habits, like gambling, alcohol, and even healthy habits.
A compulsive use of a substance even though the substance causes harm. Addiction is not defined by physical dependence or tolerance. Traits of addiction are loss of control, cravings, and adverse consequences resulting from use of a substance.
Refers to both the physical craving for a chemical and to the psychologically learned behavior in which the person develops a primary relationship with a chemical (i.e., it comes before everything else).
This is a condition where you become dependent on, or canâ€™t do without, physical substances or an activity to the point that stopping it is very hard and causes severe physical and mental reactions. Substances you can become addicted to include tobacco, alcohol, and drugs (both illegal and prescription drugs). Activities that can be addicting include lying, stealing, and gambling. Addiction can be treated with counseling and, in some cases, medication.
A habit-forming substance (such as tobacco, heroin, cocaine, or alcohol), the use of which is characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal, is addictive. An addiction is a physiological and psychological dependence on a drug that can lead a person to experience tolerance and/or withdrawal effects.
Dependence on a substance, such as alcohol or drugs. It's usually characterized by impaired control over and preoccupation with the use of the substance, as well as continued use of the substance despite adverse consequences.
Chronic, progressive and compulsive use of a substance with a tendency to relapse into use after withdrawal. Physiologic dependence may or may not be a component of this behavior. Inability to end substance abuse without treatment.
An uncontrollable craving for a drug or pleasurable activity. Our thoughts about addiction must begin with the notion of habit. Familiar, repetitious habits are simply the things we do. Culture is largely a matter of habit, things we learned from our parents and those around us and then slowly modified by shifting conditions and inspired innovations. When habits start to consume us, when our devotion to them exceeds the culturally defined norms, we label them as obsessions or addictions. We feel, in such situations, as if our free will has somehow been violated. People can become addicted to almost anything: a behaviour pattern such as reading the morning paper, drugs, property, power over other people, work, etc.
The physical and psychological craving for a substance that develops into a dependency and continues even though it is causing the addicted person physical, psychological and social harm. The disease of addiction is chronic and progressive, and the craving may apply to behaviors as well as substances.
Artificial physical dependency to alcohol, street drugs, or certain prescribed medications (benzodiaphaphenes). Though sometimes used to refer to mood disorders, this is not correct or accurate usage. Nor does it apply to the physician-supervised use of psychopharmaceuticals intended to balance brain chemistry. Anyone who tells you otherwise is sadly misinformed.
A condition that happens after a person becomes dependent on a drug and believes that he or she mentally and physically really wants the drug in his or her life. All the addicted drug user can think about is the next dose. Sometimes addicted users steal, rob, or hurt others to get drugs. They often forget about their friends, families, and communities because overwhelming drug-seeking behaviors take over their lives.
Addiction is a chronic disorder proposed to be precipitated by a combination of genetic, biological/pharmacological and social factors. Addiction is characterized by the repeated use of substances or behaviors despite clear evidence of morbidity secondary to such use.
a programming (or operating instruction to your biocomputer) that triggers uncomfortable emotional responses and excites your consciousness if the world does not fit the programmed pattern in your mind