Free television outlets, other than the major networks, formed by a special "syndication" of independent stations (known as a "syndicated network") formed specifically for the purpose of airing or producing particular programming. An episodic series might be syndicated, but also a sports event or a movie.
A method of placing a program on a market-by-market basis.
A process whereby previously exhibited or recorded material is reused by (licensed to) a collection of buyers such as independent television and radio stations. Normally, when enough episodes of a television show are produced (typically three or four seasons, 66-88 episodes) a successful program may be sold in each broadcast market to be shown during non-network hours. Program producers ordinarily make all their profits during program syndication since the networks typically pay license fees to producers that are less for each program episode than it had cost to produce it. Recently, however, exceptions to that rule can be found (e.g., new network deal for ER).