A device used by a writer to emphasize an important character trait, to reinforce a theme, to create parallel structure, to highlight the speaker's attitude, to provide a transition between paragraphs, to maintain an idea of persistence, or to focus the reader's attention on a person, place, thing, or idea. example - "A soul washed and saved is a soul doubly in danger, for everything in the world conspires against such a soul." John Steinbeck
Within a form, repetition fixes the musical material in our mind and satisfies our need for the familiar; it provides unity to a form. Example: Saint-Saëns, Carnival of the Animals, "Fossils" Real Audio: 28k | 56k | About this album This work fixes the opening idea in our minds through constant repetition of a short melodic passage.
Visual art needs recurring themes, which appear in the form of size, shape, line direction and so on to contribute to the unity of the picture.