A system of government that has two levels which share responsibilities. Typically, the national level of government looks after national concerns (currency, defense, monetary policy, and so on) while the provincial or state level looks after regional concerns (health, education and so on). Examples of federations include Canada, Australia and the United States.
A political system in which there is a constitutional division of power and functions between a central government and a set of regional governments, usually known as states, provinces or canton. Power is shared among the levels of government and no level has legal power to dominate any other level in all policy domains. Examples: Brazil, Canada, Mexico and the U.S.
State comprised of a number of self-governing regions (often themselves referred to as states) united by a central (federal) government. In a federation the self-governing status of the component states is constitutionally entrenched and may not be altered by a unilateral decision of the central government.
An organisational structure involving two or more autonomous administrations in which the member administrations have an agreement on how they will inter work with each other, including the extent to which the Resources of one member can be shared by other members. source: TINA-C domain: Pan European Organisational Management Schemes. usage: EU-P103
A federation is a collection of organizations that agree to interoperate under a certain ruleset. Federations will usually define trusted roots, authorities, and attributes, along with distribution of metadata representing this information. Shibboleth treats federations like single relying parties. Federations are not required for the use of Shibboleth but can facilitate exchange greatly. Have a look at the descriptions of the federations operated by SWITCH.
Federation is a text-based online game developed by IBGames. The game was originally launched in 1988 on the Commodore 64 network, Compunet. IBGames has since dropped online support for the game, as the entirety of the game's fanbase began playing the sequel, Federation II, upon its release in December of 2003.
the four Theological Colleges associated with, but not colleges of, Cambridge University: Ridley Hall (Anglican), Wesley House (Methodist), Westcott House (Anglican), Westminster College (United Reformed).
Geographical grouping of libraries of all types working together to provide a broader range of resources and services than each individual library can offer alone. Montana is divided into six federations; each has an advisory board, headquarters library and federation coordinator.
a powerful learning tool because it allows groups at different stages of evolution to learn from what's going on they can all draw different lessons from what's happening, depending on what they need just then