The types of grain used to dictatew the color of the beer. Some grains are highly roasted and give a coffee like flavor and color while some grains are lightly roasted and give the beer amber or brown colors.
The colors of honey form a continuous range from water white to dark amber. The color of honey is related to its mineral content and is characteristic of its floral source. Light colored honey typically has a mild flavor, while dark colored honey is usually stronger in flavor. The Pfund color grader is a device used by the honey industry to measure the color of honey. The respective color designations, applicable range of each color, color range on the Pfund scale and optical density of freshly prepared caramel-glycerin solutions (USDA method) are presented on the following table.
Colored or roasted malts, kilned at higher temperatures, are used to give dark beers color, body and flavor. Adjuncts are unmalted grains such as corn or rice and are used as a less costly ingredient rather than malt and produce a paler and less full-bodied beer.